MEDENİYETLER ÇATIŞMASI BAĞLAMINDA TÜRK ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİ İLE POLONYALI ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NE BAKIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI (ADAM MİCKİEWİCZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ VE CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÖRNEĞİNDE)
A COMPARISON OF THE VIEW POINT OF TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND POLISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS TOWARDS THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE CONTEXT OF CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS (ADAM MICKIEWICZ UNIVERSITY AND CUMHURIYET UNIVERSITY HAVE BEEN TAKEN AS MODELS)

Author : Sevda MUTLU
Number of pages : 885-906

Summary

Subjects such as clash of civilizations, East-West opposition and Islam-Christianity opposition are still the current topics in scientific environments and publications, in the media and in the discourses of politicians. Islamophobia has extensively been on the front burner and has been expanding in the West, after the September 11 incidents. This study aims at comparing the view points Poland’s university students who live in a country which is a member of the European union, is a part of the Western civilization and is a Christian society with the view points of Turkish students whose country has been struggling to be a member of the European Union, carry the cultural and identity heritage acquired from the Ottoman Empire and in this aspect is a part of the Eastern civilization, while being an Islamic society despite the fact that Turkey has entered a period of Westernization (even this period is the main indication of the fact that Turkey is different from the West and that it is a society outside the Western civilization) and determining the marks of the clash of civilizations, East-West opposition, Islam-Christianity opposition and Islamophobia through the various differences in the view points of the two countries’ youth towards the European Union. The survey was given to the students of both universities by speaking to them face to face and as a random sampling. 411 surveys were given to the Adam Mickiewicz University students and 439 surveys were given to Cumhuriyet University students, making a total of 850 surveys. The surveys were changed into tables as the data was evaluated with the SPSS analysis program. The hypothesis of the study is: It is expected that the view points of the two university youth, who do have different cultural and religious structures, towards the European Union to be different as well. The differences of the view points of Turkish and Polish youth towards Turkey’s candidacy to the European Union is expected to carry the marks of clash of civilizations, East-West opposition, Islam-Christianity opposition and Islamophobia. Result of the study: It has been established that a majority of the Turkish students have a negative view of the EU and that they do not support Turkey’s membership to the EU. There are two main reasons why they do not support Turkey’s membership. The first reason is that, they see the EU as a different structure religiously and culturally. Secondly, they do not trust the EU, since Turkey’s membership pro

Keywords

Clash of civilizations, Islamophobia European Union, Polish university students, Turkish university

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