THE IMPORTANCE AND AIMS OF ATATÜRK’S PRINCIPLES AND REVOLUTION HISTORY COURSE IN THE FORMATION PROCESS OF MODERN TURKISH REPUBLIC
MODERN TÜRKİYE CUMHURİYETİ’NİN OLUŞUM SÜRECİNDE ATATÜRK İLKELERİ VE İNKILÂP TARİHİ DERSİ’NİN YERİ VE AMAÇLARI

Author : Mahmut BOLAT
Number of pages : 249-264

Summary

Many European states tried to establish their own nation-states by making the people internalize the new values and new state understanding emerging in this formation process of nation states at the 19th century, in particular. These states which attached a great importance to the process of placing these new values and state understanding in the minds of the people and conveying them to the future generations used many different methods to fulfill their goals. Without doubt, the most important means used by the states to this end has become the national history courses. In the period starting with the establishment of Turkish Republic by the revolution carried out under the leadership of Atatürk, principles and History lesson takes an important role in the attempts to make a proper democracy in both state and the structure of the nation. The though of achieving this aim through education is a concept owned by many states as weel as the Republic of Turkey. With this understanding, in the structure of society and the state with the consciousness that will come with the teaching of this course, an attempt is undertaken in an effort to make the intended changes. Atatürk Principles and Revolution History lesson being the subject of this study has been processed during the period from initially starting teaching this course for many years to the present process, on the basis of the subjects taught in higher education institutions in Turkey, each time the course expectations about developments in the teaching of the course of political developments over the period and the effect of military coups in accordance with the purpose of achieving or approaching to or moving away from the aim.

Keywords

Atatürk, Principles and Revolution History Lessons, National History Lessons, Institute for the Hist

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