CULTURAL POLICIES AND HISTORICAL APPROACHES FROM TANZIMAT TO DEMOCRAT PARTY
TANZİMAT’TAN DEMOKRAT PARTİYE KÜLTÜR POLİTİKALARI VE TARİH ANLAYIŞLARI

Author : Bengül BOLAT
Number of pages : 231-247

Summary

History which is defined as the science of past is the most important component of a community. Thus, history has gained a significant importance in the modern age and each state started to promote and deepen its own history. In Turkey, National history and developments related to it accelerated as of the Second Constitutionalist Period but the real progress was recorded in the Republican Era. The most important factors affecting the educational and history understanding of Atatürk’s period were nationalism and The first occurrence of the Turks of Central Asia has gained weight. Following the decease of Atatürk in 1938, İsmet İnönü became the President of the Republic. First six years of Inönü’s period which lasted for 12 years corresponded to the Second World War and post-war era marked the start of a new period in the world. Turkey also had to adapt itself to this process in which single-party regimes were abandoned and multi-party regimes became widespread. In this process, nationalist understanding dominating Atatürk’s period continued but it underwent some changesHumanistic movements of thought particularly affected the cultural policies of this era and history courses were re-arranged in line with this development. In this period, it was argued that Turks had kinships with Western countries in addition to coming from the Central Asia. Democrat Party, At the end of the election in 1950 Instead of the Republican People's Party has been ruling. While many practices of Atatürk’s period and İnonü’s period were abolished in the Democrat Party period, some instiutions of these periods were also closed down. In particular, the abolition of Community Centers and Village Institutes marked a significant cultural change. In this period, the previous understanding defined as

Keywords

cultural policies, history, nationalism, Humanizm

Read:431

Download: 132