STARVATION, OCCUPATION, DEATH, AND LIFE-SAVING SHIPS IN GREECE 1939-1945
AÇLIK, İŞGAL, ÖLÜM VE YUNANİSTAN’DA HAYAT KURTARAN GEMİLER 1939–1945

Author : Ulvi KESER
Number of pages : 813-826

Summary

Turkish-Greek relations have particularly had a new era of silence, peace and consensus. So as to create such a perfect atmosphere between the above-mentioned countries, foreseeing, serious and peaceful approaches of two great statesmen, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Turkey and Eleftherios Venizelos in Greece have been very dominant and influential. Greece would be the country to make mostly use of this period at most, approaching towards the end of 1930’s, and Turkey would be the first and the sole country to help Greece as soon as the WWI breaks out while the rest of the world ignores what is happening in Greece. Greece experiences, and is subjected to a period named Great Starvation Period (Megali Limos) subsequent to Italian and then Nazi invasions just after the breaking out of WWII. Taking the death of 3.000 Greek civilians a day and the total number of 3 million in 1941–1942 period into consideration especially in the highly-populated cities such as Athens and Salonika due to the starvation disaster, the tragedy itself is easily understood. It is not the UK or other European countries but only Turkey helping and giving hand to Greece during those tragic days. Turkish charity donated by Turkish postmen, deputies, fishermen, merchants, railway workers and by all manner of Turkish people are transported to Greek people by the varied types and size of the ships, boats, and the yachts up to the end of the WWII. This scientific study focuses on the ships supplying charity food, and equipment with Greece in 1939–1945 period.

Keywords

Greece, Great Starvation Period, Turkey, Kurtuluş, Dumlupınar, Red Crescent

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