Abstract: Britain and France have been in constant struggle with each other throughout the 18th century, both to establish hegemony in Europe and to obtain colonies in overseas territories. This competition continued during the Coalition Wars. Napoleon Bonaparte, who guided the fate of France during this period, decided that the most definite way to defeat this belligerent opponent was to attack the British Isles directly. However, the realization of this plan did not seem possible without neutralizing the British Navy. As a matter of fact, the navy of the two countries confronted in Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. Perhaps the biggest advantage of the British was that they had a very experienced commander like Horatio Nelson. With his new and wise strategy during the Battle of the Nile, he had abolished the French Navy's presence in the Mediterranean even for a while. Now he again appeared before the French to protect his country from the occupation. This time the French Navy was with the Spanish Navy. The Allies were superior in number and size of ships and weapons. However, Nelson introduced a new attack strategy that would eliminate this numerical advantage. With the navy he divided into two, he managed to divide the Allied convex war line into two points. As a result, the experience of British seafarers and the full realization of Nelson's plan determined the outcome of this critical war. Nelson, who had the biggest share in this success, lost his life due to a gunshot wound during the war.


Nelson, Bonaparte, Villeneuve, England, France, Spain

Author : Yahya BAĞÇECİ
Number of pages: 93-116
Full text:
The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies
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