CRITICIS OF PRESIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM: AN INVASTIGATION ON OPPOSITION PARTIES IN TURKEY
CUMHURBAŞKANLIĞI HÜKÜMET SİSTEMİ’NİN ELEŞTİRİLERİ: TÜRKİYE’DE MUHALEFET PARTİLERİ ÜZERİNDEN BİR İNCELEME

Author : Umut Turgut YILDIRIM
Number of pages : 509-524

Summary

Debates on system of government are indispensable issues of Turkish political agenda for a long time. Besides academic circles, politicians, bureaucracy and society, political parties which are natural elements of democratic life are the subject of these discussions. Transition to Presidential Government System determining context of today’s debates of system of government have a wide coverage on the political parties’ propagandas in Turkey. From this point of view, reactions/opinions/approaches of political parties after transition process of parliamentary system to Presidential Government System and its post contains very important indications both in evaluation of the new government system and its applicability. Starting from this idea, opposition parties in Turkey were focused in the context of their criticisms to amendments in system of government in study. However, due to limiting the study, not all active opposition parties of the Turkish political life were included in the scope; parties which have representatives in the parliament were analyzed. In this manner, the Republican People’s Party, the Nationalist Action Party, the IYI Party, the Felicity Party, the Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP), the Workers’ Party of Turkey (WPT), Democrat Party and the Grand Unity Party (GUP) were specified as parties which their approaches were examined. In this context, critics of parties to the Presidential Government System, also called the party presidential system that came into force in 2018 constitutes the subject of the study. The main purpose of study is to reveal the focal points of the opposition parties’ system criticisms or discourses that support the system with comparative analysis. For this purpose, the study examines the discourses/manifestations of the selected opposition parties from 2010 that system of government discussions has been became political agenda. It can be stated that while RPP, IYI Party, Felicity Party, PDP, WPT and Democrat Party criticized the effectuated government system in certain aspects, NAP and GUP did not opposite the new system significantly as a results of study. While parties’ criticism mostly concentrated on partial president, violation of separation of power and compliance problem of new system to Turkey, eliminating the deadlocks in the decision-making processes and stable government have been the main reasons for the parties supporting the new system. It should be noted that criticism of opposition parties are similar to main discourses.

Keywords

Government Systems, Government System Discussions, Presidential Government System, Turkish Political Life, Opposition Parties

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