In this study, the current land use status of Kızılırmak Delta and the changes of land cover occurring in the last 33 years are discussed. The research area is subject to intensive land use depending on its location and natural environment characteristics. The aim of this study is to reveal the current land use situation of Kızılırmak Delta which is an important field both in terms of natural habitat and human and economic activities with minimum error and maximum detail and to detect and interpret the changes. From this point of view, it is aimed to make predictions for the future. For this purpose, field studies and GIS have been utilized. The current land cover of the delta was analyzed through 2019 Google Earth satellite imagery and results were checked by field studies. In order to detect the temporal change of land cover, satellite images of 1987, 2002, 2010 and 2018 were processed by controlled classification technique. According to the findings; As of 2019, 64% of Kızılırmak Delta has been carrying out human activities such as agriculture, animal husbandry, settlement and industry. While 24% of the delta is protected areas in various statuses, the remaining elements are forest, sand dune and drainage canal. When the temporal change of land cover in Kızılırmak Delta is examined, it is seen that in the last 33 years, the elements such as settlements, roads, industrial plants have expanded its area and agricultural areas and forests have shrunk. The future of the land cover in Kızılırmak Delta; It is possible to say that wetlands, sand dunes and flooded forests can survive in the short term depend on the protected areas. However, considering that the global climate changes and sea level will continue to increase and precipitation conditions will change, the sediment budget of the delta will bedefıcit due to dams and sand pits and the coastal recession experienced in the last 33 years will continue and the wetlands will be occupied by the sea in the medium term. The river beds will shrink and the swamps around them will dry and turn into meadows. The settlements, industrial facilities and transport infrastructure in the delta will be expanded exponentially, agricultural lands and forests will be narrowed. Based on the current situation and temporal change of the land cover in the Kızılırmak Delta, it can be said that great risks await the delta in the future. The factors such as agriculture, settlement, industrialization, transportation and infrastructure on the Kızılırmak Delta should be planned by considering all the stakeholders in the delta. The risks and advantages should be explained to the local people, and all the plans to be made should be adopted by the local people.
Kızılırmak Delta, Samsun, Land Use, GIS, Wetland
|Author :||Harun Reşit BAĞCI - Muhammet BAHADIR|
|Number of pages:||295-312|