AN EXAMINATION ON THE LANGUAGE OF CENTRAL AND GENERAL LAWS IN THE PERIOD OF FATIH
FATİH DÖNEMİ MERKEZÎ VE UMUMÎ KANUNNÂMELERİN DİLİ ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

Author : Fatih ÖZEK - Neşe YAMANOĞLU
Number of pages : 113-144

Summary

The law is the provisions of the sultan, who laid out the legal provisions on a particular subject during the Ottoman period. Ottoman laws are very important documents in terms of Ottoman social and political life, especially ottoman history and legal system. Especially in the Ottoman legal system, the Fatih period has a special place. For Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror was the first Ottoman sultan to publish a law that had been restored. The central laws published later in the Ottoman period, together with some amendments, are a continuation of the laws of the Fatih period. Ottoman law was the subject of many studies, especially law and history. However, these laws have either never been examined in terms of language characteristics or the examinations have been very limited. However, each text is a language material. In this respect, the evaluation of all documents written in the field of financial, legal and diplomacy in the Ottoman Empire as a language material will undoubtedly make an important contribution to the studies of Ottoman Turkish. This situation has been decisive in the conduct of the study. Fatih period laws have the characteristics of ancient Anatolian Turkish in terms of period and language characteristics. In this respect, we consider the laws of the conqueror period as a source of 15th century Ancient Anatolian Turkish. The laws of the conqueror period are 15th century texts. These texts have not been studied in terms of language characteristics before. In this study, the laws will be examined for the first time in terms of phonetic, morphological and vocabulary. In this respect, it can be said that the work is original.

Keywords

Old Anatolian Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmed, Law, Phonetics, Morphology, Vocabulary

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