GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU BÖLGESİ’NDEN VERİLEN GÖÇÜN AKIM YÖNÜ
THE DIRECTION OF MIGRATION FROM SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA REGION

Author : Veysi GÜNAL
Number of pages : 105-127

Abstract

The direction of migration from Southeastern Anatolia Region and changes in periods covering 1975-2011 have been examined in this paper. Today, the most migration from the region is in order İstanbul (20.08%), Ankara (5.37%), Mersin (5.07%), Adana (4.87%), İzmir (4.28%), Antalya (3.96%), Bursa (2.04%), Konya (1.46%) and Kocaeli (1.46%). However, compared to the period of 1975-1980, taday, it has been significantly changes in the direction of migration. Really, the rate of İstanbul and Antalya in given migration has significantly increased. The rate of Ankara, Bursa, Kocaeli and Konya has increased less. But, the rate of Izmir, Mersin and Adana has significantly decreased. On the other hand, the direction of migration is not the same in all provinces in the region. For example, the most migration from region to Istanbul has been from Batman (35.9%), to Ankara from Şanlıurfa (6.7%) and Diyarbakır (6.7%) The most migration from region to İzmir and Adana is from Mardin (9.1% and 8.7%), to Antalya and Konya from Şanlıurfa (5.2% and 1.9%), to Bursa from Diyarbakır (3.5%), to Mersin from Şanlıurfa (6.9%) and Şırnak (6.9%) and to Kocaeli from Şırnak (1.4%). The main reasons for this difference are the direction of the first migration in provinces and economic similarities between provinces which getting migration and sending. Also, thanks to the economic potentials, the ability to attract migration of neighboring provinces is an important factor, too.

Keywords

Migration, the direction of migration, Southeastern Anatolia Region

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