DECOLONIZATION IN FRANTZ FANON’S THE WRETCHED OF THE EARTH AND BLACK SKIN WHITE MASKS
Being one of the most leading behavioral scientists, Fanon became the spokesman of the third world citizens oppressed by the colonists and pointed out the effects of colonialism after the so -called independence gained by the colonized. The Algerian scholar handled the psychological tendencies and the retaliations of the colonized and displayed the relations between the colonized and the settler who owes his existence to the colonial system. Though Fanon died at very young age, he produced some outstanding works two of which are Black Skin White Masks (1952) and The Wretched of the Earth (1961). In his works, the relations between the natives and occupier- described as a violent phenomenon and the control of a certain species of men by a new one, and attitudes peculiar both sides are presented during decolonization. In his book entitled The Wretched of the Earth, Fanon has the tendency to provide his readers with violence created by the colonizer and the difficulties of establishing a national consciousness. His latter work -Black Skin White Masks- aims to clarify black-white relations and questions psychological aspects of decolonization. Although national liberation
was gained after the colonization period, Fanon’s works contend that the effects of oppressors still continue among the oppressed. Although colonization period seems to have ended, it is apparent that lots of nations from different parts of the world are still suffering. As the occupational mentality still dominates the natives, this paper will focus on how the colonized behave, feel and interact with oppressors during the period of decolonization.
The Wretched of the Earth, Black Skins White Masks, Colonized, Colonizer