ISSN:2148-4163
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KANT'S ISSUE OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON AND THE INNER POSSIBILITY OF METAPHYSICS


In this study, Kant's knowledge understanding was attempted to shed light on the Critique of Pure Reason, and the Kant interpretation of Heidegger, who came to the place of philosophy with the destruction of Western metaphysics, was investigated the issue whether the foundation as the projection of the intrinsic possibility of metaphysics, in the experience of determining the boundaries of the metaphysics of Kant, “the map of mind” basing on Critique of Pure Reason. For this purpose firs of all has been tried to be lightened dealed with how to turn the epistemic problem into an ontological question concepts transsendental, transsendent, a priori, a posteriori, synthetic and analytical judgments, a priori synthetic judgments, time and space as forms of intuition (Anschaung) which plays an important role in Kant's epistemology. The problem in the study is the argument that metaphysics is excluded from science and the dogmatic principles have adopted it in the relationship between metaphysics and science that goes back to Kant. These dogmatic principles overthrown the true value of knowledge that led to the heresy of reason. What to do is to extractl the metaphysics out of ill weeds. Here the mind is called to help. Calling the mind to help means that the mind plays an active role in this is an indication that there is a guiding character in accessing information opposite the object of the mind. That is, mind is the touchstone in determining the object. In this sense, the focus of philosophy should be on the mind and the mind should be removed from the anatomy with reason. The exploration mind-directed with reason will mean that the mind will criticize reason itself. This is possible in the metaphysical field, which essentially researchs the pure principles in mind. Kant aims to explore the principles that do not come from experience in the mind but which will be possible the whole experience. His the concept of “pure” is important here. These principles are synthetic a priori. His concern about finding these principles comes from the basic premisefact that these principles are a fundamental to apply to all sciences. In this sense, he aims to base metaphysics with these principles and to give him a science foundation. In this case, Kant’s the criticism of the reason is to reveal the pure in which has concepts pure a priori. The reveal of these pure concepts will determine the fate of metaphysics to be established as science. The Critique of Pure Reason is the preparation for metaphysics to be established as science in the future (Prolegomena). At this point Heidegger’reading on Kant reveals to research the projection of the intrinsic possibility of metaphysics; the possibilities that is basic the exposition temporal of being that on Kant's “schematism” reveals in the relation of intiution and mind, which deals with on the basis of “fundemental ontology”. In this sense, Heidegger who emphasizes the importance of time and space in the epistemic context of Kant, which presents as two forms of inner sense, still criticizes Kant who has ignored the problem of existence meaning. In this respect, in this study deals with the question of Kant's possibility of knowledge was discussed in the perspevtive of Heidegger's re-reading and criticism on the ontological horizon and ontological and tried to explain epistemological tips of transcendental philosophy which asserts a distinction between ontic and ontological truth In the context of determining the boundaries of the intrinsic possibility of metaphysics.


Keywords


Transsendent-Transsendental, A Priori, A Posteriori, Intuition (Anschaung), Reason, Analytical-Synth

Yazar: Çiğdem YILDIZDÖKEN -
Sayfa Sayısı: 381-396
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9761/JASSS8067
Tam Metin:
The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies
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