At the last decade of Turkish influence period at the Abbasid State between (232-334/749-945), we have seen the Caliphs attemting to some actions on account of failing to establish the peace. That last operation of the Caliphs resulted in vesting all the domination system to someone who appointed as Amir al-Umera. Amir al-Umera system which Caliph Radi had founded and developed was not sufficient to establish stability in Abbasids; on the contrary it made worse, which was impossible to solve. Moreover, this system instigated the struggles to seize the power and influence among the statesmen. As a result of this, there occurred a change in the power named as Buwaihids and Deylemlis in Abbasids. Between the years 334-447 Hegira/749-1055 AC, Buwaihids, who took over Abbasids reign, became the dominant factor in the policy of home and abroad and they made the caliphs of that time the religious leaders. During their centenarian sovereignty, the Buwaihids took influential steps not only in political life of Abbasids but also in their religious life. During the period when they were dominant, they attempted the activities to take Shiite belief to power and to establish Persian national state again. In this paper, focusing on the causes creating the Buwaihid power, the process of Buwaihid role, the after roling cases of Turks, the dominant nation of the years 232-334Hegira/749-945 AC which was before the rule of Buwaihids, and their military-politic activities during Buwaihids will be studied.
Abbâsîler, Emîrü’l-ümerâlık , Büveyhîler, Deylemler, Türkler