In the present study, we propose to analyze “enunciative support” (focus) concept of locutor into oral dialogue in contemporary French and Turkish languages. The expression of subjectivity and assertive modalization represent an important topic in the context of verbal interaction in spoken language. Within an analytical approach to the structure of oral language, the main objective of our study will highlight the following issues: 1) How to realize the enunciative support of locutor in the oral dialogue at the moment of enunciation? 2) How to interpret the enunciative support realized by the locutor in the utterances with regard to enunciation and prosody? 3) Which are the (supra-)segmental marks of enunciative support concerning the speaker of discourse? At the end of this study, we will try to determine the structure of utterances expressed subjectivity; typologically create a model that can shape supportive opinions in Turkish conversation, with a comparative approach to spoken French. To this end, we will work on a spoken language corpus. Our corpus study (spoken corpus) will consist of a compilation ranging from 15 to 35 minutes of conversation recordings and transcribed text of this section (transcriptions). Theoretical and methodological dimensions of this research come to contemporary French Linguistics theories : The "enunciation" and "prosody" in relationship, used in Applied Linguistics methods called "analytical discourse analysis" will be used. For this, the French Linguistics in the oral language and enunciation research forms the basis of these two theories will get use of: a) Grammaire de l'intonation (Intonation grammar) by Morel and Danon-Boileau (1998), b) Approche de la langue parlée (Oral language approach) by Blanche-Benveniste (1997).
Assertion, Discourse Analysis, Enunciation, Focus, Modalisation, Prosody, (Supra-)Segmental Componen