Author : Fazıl KARAHAN
Number of pages : 97-112


When taken under debate by a pure philosophical method such as phenomenology, it is seen that a society, in order to be a competent nation or to claim to be so, needs to have basic common grounds developing in a process such as ancestor, homeland, state, language, custom and culture, religion. Nations and nationalities become perfect at the rate of these elements’ power of settling in consciousness. In the light of these data obtained by applying the phenomenological method to the concepts of nation and nationality, by moving with the thesis that it can be evaluated that to what extent all communities have the qualification of nation and nationality, in this article we have studied, in the light of the same method and the data, to what extent Turkish nation has the qualification of nation and nationality, whether they are a competent nation or not by looking at the common elements that Turkish nation have had through the history such as ancestor, homeland, state, language, custom-culture and religion. Turks have never chosen the path to be a nation or to found a state based on ethnical and racial basis throughout the history. They ground on custom and justice rather than racial connection. However they have the pre-historic Turkish origin and they are aware of it. The notion of homeland is very strong among Turks who have spread over many places in the world and made those places home. Not any Turk avoids sacrificing his own life and his favorite stuff for his country and nation. Turks have established states with a social structure in the form of “oguş” (family), “urug” (unity of families, strips), “oymak” (tribe, clan), “bod” (phratry, tribe), “bodun” (unity of tribes, peoples), “il” or “el” (unity of peoples, separate community, state, empire). They have developed this structure from pre-historic up to the 20th century and have founded important states such as the Republic of Turkey today. Turkish is a member of the Altaic linguistic family together with Mongolian and Manchu-Tungusic, Japanese, and Korean languages. It is one of the deepest rooted languages in the world. Besides with the changes arising from its own nature, as well as with the external factors such as geographical distributions, relationship with different socio-cultural environments, Turkish language, as it happens to all languages, has changed on the one hand and


Turkish Race, Turkish Ideal, Turkish Homeland, Turkish State Organization, Turkish Language, Turkish

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