It is known that the reductionist approach of theories in social sciences provide opportunity for schematization of psychological, social and cultural phenomena by bird’s eye-view. But it is not enough for comprehending the complexity of real life. Social work as an applied science and profession requiring to develop suitable tactics. Social worker may have to work with various cases and client profiles in different fields. Social work educators have limited time and opportunities for improving application abilities of student. In this condition it is necessary to use besides theoretical training various training techniques for well education. Dewey (1933) described reflective thinking as active and deeply thinking on one topic by considering many dimensions. Education which leads for improving reflective thinking can be suitable for social work education. The immediate relation between knowledge and application can be stated by consciousness applications. Conscious applications means conscious and intentional attention at present condition (Epstein 2008). In this context conscious and intentional applications can provide opportunity for improving application depend on reflective thinking, which means categorization, classification, analyzing and syntheses between cases. In this study firstly the relation between theory and practice will be mentioned. After that reflective thinking and contextual application ability how can be developed for social work application will be discussed by reviewing literature.
Social Work Education, Social Work Application, Reflective Thinking