With the abandonment of the material world in art in the 20th century, when humans produced their plasticized versions of art understood by the mind beyond the senses, the face of art as well as the perspective of the artists underwent a profound change, which led to balanced compositions that avoided representing nature and depicted geometric objects without volume using primary colours. This movement, led by artists such as Piet Mondrian, Theo Van Doesburg, Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, and Vilmos Huszár was called neoplasticism. This study aims to describe the basics and the aims of neoplasticism and to analyze the works of art by artists of this movement. Neoplasticism was especially dominant between 1912 and 1917, and theoretical and plastic studies were made in this period. It added a new dimension to style and content of art, and through the use of abstraction and production of abstract works of art, introduced a new understanding of style of universal items. By abandoning simile, this movement of art brushed aside the centuries long tradition of imitation of nature, and its works of art were in line with the new view of world. For the purposes of this study, books, journals, articles, reports on the movement were reviewed, and the philosophies and analyses of the works of art of the artists were described. The pictures analyzed in this study are limited to the artists who were part of this movement. Conclusions were made according to the analyses performed.
Neo-Plasticism, Abstraction, Abstract, Piet Mondrian, Theo Van Doesburg