THE EFFECT OF TOURISTIC DEMAND UPON CULTURAL HERITAGE VIA THE LOCAL PEOPLE’S PERSPECTIVE
YEREL HALK GÖZÜYLE TURİSTİK TALEBİN KÜLTÜREL MİRASA ETKİSİ: KAPADOKYA ÖRNEĞİ

Author : Burcu Gülsevil BELBER -- Gülhan SÖZBİLEN
Number of pages : 439-457

Abstract

Göreme National Park and Rocky Areas of Cappadocia which are located in UNESCO World Heritage List, being a touristic region attracting many visitors, cause to increase of pressure stemming from tourism and to affect cultural heritage elements. If local people think that the positive sides of touristic effects are more than the negative sides of touristic effects, the possibility of contribution to tourism would increase. Thereby in this study, the local people’s perspectives about the impact of demand for tourism in Cappadocia upon cultural heritage elements have been investigated. Data have been collected by performing face-to-face questionnaire technique. For determination of local people’s perspectives about “the impact of tourism demand upon cultural heritage”, the average of 18 expressions with Likert Scale have been taken. The local people’s perspectives have been determined to vary based on demographic factors (age, educational status, profession and residence) by ANOVA analysis. Also with frequency; it has been understood that the specific features of Nevşehir have been considered as fairy chimneys-natural landscape, ballooning, the pottery workshop activities and hiking in the valley; the local people’s perception intended to level of serving to visitors’ capacity of touristic region has been understood as “sufficient enough”; local people’s perception intended to level of touristic demand ratio to manufactured touristic product in this region has been understood as “demanded sufficient quantity”. When the local people's perceptions are examined about the effect of touristic demand to the elements of cultural heritage of Nevşehir, it can be said that they have the perception that the touristic demand has a negative effect on some aspects to the cultural heritage and a positive effect on some aspects. Therefore, it is thought that it would be beneficial to increase the activities that they think have a positive effect to the cultural heritage and to rearrange the activities that they think have a negative effect to the cultural heritage.

Keywords

Touristic Demand, Cultural Heritage, Local People, Cappadocia

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