The aim of this work is to reveal where and how the important mines of the period, including the islands in the Ottoman Empire's territories in the 16th century, were excavated and how the operating order of these mines operated, based on the Ottoman documents, in particular Lesbos island. Salt was a food material that was consumed directly by the population and animals living in the Ottoman Empire, with the use of it in the preservation of olive, some dairy products, vegetables and fruits, and it was all about the people. Due to its preservative and flavor properties, its usage area is very rich. In addition to protecting food, the salt obtained throughout human history was used to heal wounds, disinfect waters and add flavor to food. It has been observed throughout history that the salt used in the acquisition of certain chemical substances, as well as in humans and other living things, has a very high commercial potential. It was used in dark black color, a sticky material that was hard when cold, semi-liquid when heated and was used to seal joints of boats and protect the board against moisture. Other than bitumen, tar, which is a sticky liquid produced from pine trees and coal, was driven to the spines and submerged parts of the ships. These three important items were extracted from the mines on the island of Lesbos in the 16th century Ottoman administration.
Lesbos (Mytlene) Island, Mine, Ottoman Empire, Salt, Pitch