TRADITIONAL AND MODERN INTERPRETATION OF THE CASE OF MAN-WOMAN SUPREMACY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE 34TH VERSE OF NISA (A COMPARISON BETWEEN SOME CLASSICAAL TAFSIRS AND TAFSIR AL-MANAR)
NİSÂ 34. AYETİ BAĞLAMINDA KADIN-ERKEK ÜSTÜNLÜĞÜ OLGUSUNUN GELENEKSEL VE MODERN YORUMU (İLK DÖNEM BAZITEFSİRLERLE TEFSİRÜ’L-MENÂR ARASINDA BİR MUKAYESE)

Author : Emrullah ÜLGEN
Number of pages : 255-266

Abstract

In this article, the traditional and modern tafsir interpretation of equality or superiority between men and women will be examined comparatively in the context of the 34th verse of Nisa. The key concepts such as nushûz, qiwâma, darb take place in this verse is the main factor that brings it forward in the interpretations and evaluations related to the subject. The reasons put forward about the virtue of the man through this three concepts will be investigated in the place and value of the interpretation of the Qur'an. İn this research, representing traditional interpretation, the thoughts of important personages in the field of tafsir Tâberî, Râzî, Zamahshari, Kurtûbî and Abu Hayyan, and representing traditional interpretation, the thoughts of the two most important personalities of this period Muhammad Abdûh and his student Rashid Riza will be taken basis as well as other of mufassirs. Many factors are influential in shaping of classical and modern interpretations of the verse. Especially in some classical tafsirs, it is understood that the personal understanding and the pre-acceptance of the mufassir are influential in explaining the supremacy of man in terms of existential (zatî) reasons. For example, Ibn Kathir’s expression, "The man is supremacy than woman ontologically." is confirms this iddea. Therefore, it should not be ignored that the method and socio-cultural life style of the commentator while analyzing the specific interpretations in the direction of the key concepts such as kavvamûn, nüşûz, darb, which take place at the verse. Thus, ıt will be possible to prevent efforts of modernist and secular circles to establis between the text of the Qur'an and some negative consequences which caused from the man-dominated way of life in the Islamic World.

Keywords

Nisa 34, Tafsir al-Manar, Qiwâma, Nushûz, Darb

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