Author : Mustafa BAŞ
Number of pages : 281-292


Roman Orthodox Patriarchate has been awarded as ecumenical patriarchate since 6th century. After the conquest of Istanbul, it was recognized by Fatih as the representative of community with a wide range of powers. These concessions later on were used against the state and led the Patriarchate to engage in subversive activities as well as leading riots in order to rebuild Byzantium. After the Mora Rebellion which lay the base of modern day Greece, the Patriarchate had increased its activities especially politically during World War I and Turkish Independency War as well as being actively behind the trenches against the Turkish Army, this increase was particularly due to their victories against the Ottoman Empire during and before the Balkan Wars. Greek guerilla organizations controlled by reverends resulted in cruelty and mass murders of innocent civilians, turning churches into armories. During the Conference of Lausanne, it was requested that the people responsible for such activities be deported. This request, which was based on historical facts and put out by the Turkish side caused heated discussions between the parties. However, pressure from the parties of Conference resulted with continuation of the organization as religious leadership of Greek community, stripped from the concessions within Turkey. This situation, also causing deep conflicts in the Turkish Grand National Assembly, was implemented after the proclamation of the Republic. The patriarchs who were unwanted by the Government were deported from the country and suspended from their duties after the Laussanne and Population Exchange conferences. In the year of 1924, wanting to gain back their reputation, the patriarchs requested to organize a meeting in Heybeliada for all Orthodoxes but this request was later denied due to it being against the Conference of Lausanne.


Patriarch, Lausanne, Turkish Independency War, Istanbul, Ecumenical

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