The popularization of underground literature and its being disucessed as a widespread type or field run into the period after 1980.But , just as in the literature of other nations, the existence of literary works outside canon or those excluded from canon date back to first literary productions in Turkish. However, the first samples in modern sense appears after Tanzimat reform era and especially after the proclamation of II. Constitutional Period. The key feature of the works laying milestones of the way to underground literature in Turkey is that they address the issues which the oriental and conservative Turkey society find odd and dont want them to be spoken up. For instance, erotic tales adapted by western literatures after the proclamation of II. Constitutional Period is a courageous attempt in this sense. Among these attempts, Mehmet Rauf is the prominent writer. Thus, Mehmet Rauf, the most noted and prestigious writer of Servet-i Fünun Period after Halit Ziya, produces the first sample of underground literature with his novella type story named Bir Zambağın Hikayesi (The Tale of a Lily) which will later become a breaking point in his literary career , weaken his prestige in society, become the cause for his losing the job and even the cause for his judgement and serving time in prison. In the novel which is the adaptaion of The Romance of Violette by Oscar Wilde, homosexuality , erotism and a lustful story between a man and to women is told in the context of the central topic that sexuality and lust shouldn't be exprienced in accoredance with the societal impositions or ethics but in accordance with the needs and desires of the nature and physiology. Despite being an adaptaion, the differences in civilization, history, culture and mentality between Turkey and Western World make Bir Zambağın Hikayesi (The Tale of a Lily) different from The Romance of Violette in certain points. In other words, Mehmet Rauf who ignores the the conservative society which is closely engaged with traditions, moral and religious values, produces a "Turkish style" underground narration. The work, which draws attention of a particular small section of the community, is accepted by some intellectuals and critics as an avangrande underground narration which gains popularity in certain groups and is read secretly and which bravely deals with sexualtiy, lust and erotism.
Underground Literature, Underground Literature in Turkey, Mehmet Rauf, Oscar Wilde, Bir Zambağın Hik