FOLK LITERATURE IN MUHAMMED RASIM'S HABNAME
MUHAMMED RASİM’İN HÂB-NÂME ADLI ESERİNDE HALK EDEBİYATI UNSURLARI

Author : Muhammed Felat AKTAN
Number of pages : 181-187

Abstract

The elements of folk literature are the elements that reflect the social texture, beliefs and culture of the nations to which they belong. They are the folk literature motifs that determine the unity of a nation, its identity and all its qualities in the name of culture. Classical literature, on the other hand, is a deep-rooted field that has been fed by many sources with six centuries of history and has also been the source of many fields. Even though these two fields of literature fall apart in terms of form and content, they have influenced each other both in terms of thematic and form. While some poets used the verse forms of folk literature on the one hand, they maintained the tradition of divan poetry on the other. Some writers and poets have produced ideas on these two literatures which have many common themes. One of them is Muhammed Rasim. The author's Habname includes both classical and folk literature in terms of content. The author has used folklore elements skillfully in the said work, and from time to time used the literary arts to create motifs that lead to a lack of meaning. Because of his frequent use of local elements in his ghazals, he has provided sufficient language, proverbs, idioms, local subjects, customs and traditions. Even though language and style are heavy in explaining Sufism terms, it is seen that the language used in his poems is more simple. In this study, folk literature motifs and archaic elements, proverbs, idioms, aphorisms and prayers in Habname are given.

Keywords

Habname, Prayer, Maxims, Curse, Idiom

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