NUMBERS AND THEIR SYMBOLIC FEATURES IN SULEYMAN-NAME-I KEBIR
SÜLEYMAN-NÂME-İ KEBÎR’DE SAYILAR VE SEMBOLİK ÖZELLİKLERİ

Author : Hayrettin YİĞİT
Number of pages : 261-273

Abstract

Firdevsi is a phlosopher who served the world of science working like a writing machine in many fields such as medicine, history, astronomy, literature, phlosophy, geometry in the periods of Fatih Sultan Mehmet, 2. Beyazıd and Yavuz Sultan Selim, in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Despite creating works in many fields Süleyman-name-i Kebir is the work that enabled Firdevsi to be fecognized. Süleyman-name-i Kebir in which he described the events developed around the prophet Solomon's life is an encyclopedic work consisting of 81 volumes. He gathered all the religious narrations and stories about the prophet Solomon and he included many stories of historical, legendary and mythological people and their adventures. He also combined the canon law, tradition, commentary, mysticism and moral issues about the prophet Solomon's life with hendese, geometry, phlosophy, medicine, botanic and astronomy. In addition to objects such as plants, animals and celestial bodies that the Turkish nation considers as a sacred and protective force in their traditions and beliefs, they also consider numbers as sacred elements. In traditional culture, sources of beliefs based on numbers based on Islamic religion and the culture of Central Asia. This situation is reflected in Turkish literature and it draws attention as the elements frequently used in Turkish mythology, the faith and the beliefs of the people, epics, legends, fairy tales and stories. Firdevsi tried to make the work fluent and interesting by getting rid of the work from single correction by using numbers in Süleyman-name and he used both quantitive and symbolic meanings of numerical calues while providing information about geometry (hendese), astronomy (ilm-i nücüm), mysticism, astrology and charm.

Keywords

Firdevsi, Süleyman-name (40th Volume), Culture, Numbers, Symbol

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