In Western Europe, the modernization movement that has developed in the aftermath of the revolutionary ideas of the age of Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution has officially started with The Edict of Tanzimat (Ottoman Empire) in Turkish society, and it has continued in the Republic of Turkey. With the modernism, which was defined as the transition process from the old to the new and began to take its place in the literature as a concept in the 19th century, the authors modernized the literary narrative while they were criticizing this transformation that they were in. Modernization debates dating to the present day take an important place in Turkish literature, especially in the works of Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar. Thanks to Tanpınar, one of the important values of Turkish literature, an important section of the process of adaptation of the Turkish nation to modernism is witnessed. Austrian Thomas Bernhard, one of the German-language authors, wrote his works at a time when Western Europe was about to overcome the impact of the war, and in his works he - just like Tanpinar - critically treated the renewal process unfolding from individuals to society. In this study which is written based on the methods of comparative literature science, modernism was analyzed from the perspective of Tanpınar and Bernhard, with the purpose of detecting the similarities and differences between both authors.
Tanpınar, Bernhard, Modernism, Literary Criticism, Turkish and German Literature