THE STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE BY ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON, LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO, ENGLAND, 1886. APOLLONIAN AND DIONYSIAN DICHOTOMY: THE STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE

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Number of pages: 633-637
Year-Number: 2021-Year: 14 - Number: 86

Abstract

The aim of the study is to introduce The Story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson through Apollonian and Dionysian Dichotomy which is expressed in the work of Nietzsche named The Birth of Tragedy. That two personalities exist in one body is explained by the features of two Greek deities, Apollon and Dionysus, whose features are totally different from each other. They symbolize the dichotomy in life as well as the divided personality. He connotes these notions with mythological figures, particularly with Greek Gods. He states that the development of art is based on the dichotomy of Apollon and Dionysus. The basic features of them are attributed to dominant and marginalized powers in the society, successively. This review will not just give a summary or plot of the story but handles the theme of dichotomy and sheds light on the fact that literature works as a mechanism balancing between hegemonic powers of the system and the marginalized matters of the society.  That is not right to say that life is made up of those dilemmas or to accept their existence. What is the significant matter is to interrelate systematical phenomenons within the dichotomic relations and restrained ones, and to provide them to coexist even they are not homogenous.

 

Keywords

Abstract

The aim of the study is to introduce The Story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson through Apollonian and Dionysian Dichotomy which is expressed in the work of Nietzsche named The Birth of Tragedy. That two personalities exist in one body is explained by the features of two Greek deities, Apollon and Dionysus, whose features are totally different from each other. They symbolize the dichotomy in life as well as the divided personality. He connotes these notions with mythological figures, particularly with Greek Gods. He states that the development of art is based on the dichotomy of Apollon and Dionysus. The basic features of them are attributed to dominant and marginalized powers in the society, successively. This review will not just give a summary or plot of the story but handles the theme of dichotomy and sheds light on the fact that literature works as a mechanism balancing between hegemonic powers of the system and the marginalized matters of the society.  That is not right to say that life is made up of those dilemmas or to accept their existence. What is the significant matter is to interrelate systematical phenomenons within the dichotomic relations and restrained ones, and to provide them to coexist even they are not homogenous.

Keywords