WESTERNİZATİON OF TURKİSH (CLASSİC) MUSİC FROM OTTOMAN EMPİRE TO TURKİSH REPUBLİC AND PROHİBİTED YEARS OF TURKİSH MUSİC
During the early republican period, especially until the 1950s, all affairs were carried out in a manner of chain of military command for the purpose of ‘reaching the level of contemporary Western civilization.’ Both religious and Turkish classical music got their share from this rush to “westernization” which was carried out from top to bottom manner. During the early years of the Republic, the instruction of Turkish Art Music/Alaturka Music was excluded from curricula (December 1926), for about two years (November 2, 1934 - September 6, 1936) radio stations were banned from playing Turkish Folk Music and Turkish Art Music. Moreover, various attempts were made so as to produce music in the western sense. In the same period, the education and practice venues of religious music education and were reduced to next to nothing, and any efforts to foster this genre of music were to be regarded as attempts to perform banned rituals. The present study deals with the effects on music of the modernisation movement staged in all areas during the early years of the Republican era.
Music, religiousmusic, alaturka music, bans on music, westernisation.