UDI DİLİNDE ÜSTÜNLÜK DERECESİNİN OLUŞUMUNUN KÖKENİNE DAİR
Degrees of comparisons of adjectives can be expressed in different ways in some languages: in some languages they are expressed both organically and descriptively. Georgian and Russian languages can be given as the examples of those kind of languages. In Georgian 'the most' used as 'qvelaze' or by using prefix 'u-' and suffix '-es' the superlatives can be derivatized. For example; 'qvelaze magari' (strongest), 'umagresi' (strongest). In Russian language 'the most' used as '?????' or by using suffixes '-???' and '-???' the superlatives can be derivatized. For example; '????? ????????' (the most beautiful), '???????????' (the most beautiful). But in other languages only descriptively. In the light of the formation of degrees of comparison of adjectives, Udi language is related to the Krits and Rutululian languages and it differs from other Lezghin languages, where the comparative case is formed by means of description – using corresponding words. We observe the difference in Udi dialects at every level: “dialectal differences are seen in all components: lexica, phonetic system and morphological-syntax structure.” Udi language uses descriptive way of formation to form the degrees of comparison and mainly its superlative forms. Nowadays Udi language uses organic method of formation to form superlative degree forms by partial reduplication of adjectives and insertion of - f - element between reduplicated stems. It is supposed that the new way of formation of superlative degree in adjectives together with appropriate suffix is adopted by Udi language from Turkish language.<
Udi language, degrees of comparison, adjectives, superlative, differences.