DESCRIPTIVE VERBAL EXPRESSION OF THE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS INTENDED FOR THE WESTERN AND TURKISH MUSIC
The objective of this study is to reveal whether the descriptive verbal expression of the university students intended for the Western or Turkish music may or may not change according to the variables as having professional music education and their genders. Study group consists of 260 students attending the different divisions of the 19 May University. In this study, 18 sampling performances inclusive for the different periods and also the music genres designated as data collection tool. Those music genres (each of them) get this study group listened for 30 seconds and then they are required to choose one of the 10 descriptive adjectives determined in the list of Kate Hevner’s (1936) descriptive adjectives for music matches their descriptive verbal expression coming forefront due to those selected music genres. It is the fact that outcomes obtained indicate there is not any diffirentiation in descriptive verbal expression of the students intended for the Western and Turkish Music genres whether they have or they do not have professional music education and their genders. However, at the end it is determined that the students having music education have chose the same adjective in 13 music sampling at a higher percentage then the students do not have, on the contrary students do not have professional music education have chose the same adjective in 5 music sampling at a higher percentage then the students have. In another saying, in terms of having a more collective perceptions and emotions, using descriptive verbal expression with more similarity is observed as the students having music education carry out then the others when they listen to chosen musical titles from Western and Turkish ones.
Descriptive Verbal Expression, Musical Preferences, Western Music, Turkish Music, Music Education