Abstract


DETERMINING THE COGNITIVE (MENTAL) STRUCTURES AND MISCONCEPTION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON GLOBAL WARMING
The aim of this study is to determine the cognitive structures of biology students on the concept of "Global warming”. Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Education, Biology Education, Department of Education is constituted by 29 students who are in the 4th grade. The study is entirely voluntary. The free word association test was used to collect the data and the obtained data were evaluated using the content analysis. According to the evaluation results, categories were formed, the frequencies and percentages of answer words in each category were calculated and tables were created. Data of the research were collected under a total of 5 categories. Within these categories, the category with the highest number of answer words and at the same time with the highest total frequency of answer words is "Possible effects of global warming". The second category is named as "Natural and artificial causes of global warming". Other categories are listed as "The category of defining Global warming", "Environmental effects of global warming" and "Living things that are affected by Global warming". The frequencies and percentages of these categories and their number of answer words are low. In addition, the words that contain misconceptions and are not included in any categories are given within the text. As a result, it is seen that word association test is an effective technique in detecting cognitive structures and detecting misconceptions.

Keywords
Biology, Global Warming, Word Association Test, Cognitive Structure, Qualitative Research