Abstract


A CONTRIBUTION TO THE SCIENCE OF WUCÛH AND NAZÂ’IR: SOME AFRÂD WORDS NOT COVERED IN THE “AFRÂDU KALIMÂTI’L-QUR’ÂNI’L-AZÎZ” OF IBN FÂRIS
In order to correctly understand the words and phrases in the Quran, one should make use of some auxiliary sciences besides Arabic linguistic rules. This need led to the emergence of many scientific branches regarding the Quran, one of these is the science of wucûh and nazâir. In Arabic language, the words are used in a context as the presumptions indicate, and the meanings would differ with regards to that context. Therefore, determining the meaning of certain words in the Quran used in different verses is important for understanding the Quran accurately. Thus, different meanings of a word in regard to its place in the Quran would be identified and this would preclude incorrect meanings. Afrâd is the wording which has no analog. These words are one in terms of indicating a meaning, as oppose to the fact that the wordings have meanings more than one. Afrâd, in the sense of Quranic sciences, is that a word is used throughout the Quran with the same meaning except in one verse. “Afrâdu Kalimâti’l-Qur’âni’l-Azîz” of Ibn Fâris is the only pamphlet written in the matter of afrâd as the branch of the science of wucûh and nazâir. We try to develop the science of efrâd by determining some other words which are not noted in this pamphlet but having the feature of afrâd

Keywords
Qur’anic Sciences, Semantic, Wucûh and Nazâ’ir, Words, Afrâd, Ibn Fâris