THE DETERMINATION OF THE EROSION EFFECT ON THE GEOMORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND FORMATION OF KULA (KULA/MANISA) FAIRY CHIMNEYS BY RUSLE METHOD
Fairy chimneys are geological, geomorphological and climatic characteristics and are a form of erosion specific to arid and semi-arid morphoclimatic regions. The rock type, intercalation pattern, slope of the layer, crack system have important effect on the formation of the fairy chimney. Fairy chimneys develop on slopes where lithological units with different resistance are exposed (Polat and Güney, 2013: 19). It is a wrong perception to think that the fairy chimneys are formed only on volcanic lands. Fairy chimneys, which may occur on rocks such as sandstone, sandstone and conglomerate, are the result of erosional processes.
Kula-Peribacaları, which is our field of study, was formed as a result of erosion of the Gediz River and its lateral branches of the Miocene, Pliocene and Quaternary young materials within the boundaries of Kula district of Manisa province. Due to its geological-geomorphological features, it has been transformed into a geopark. This area, which has a very high tourism potential and is open to geotourism, is a natural museum, a research laboratory.
The main aim of this study is to determine the characteristics and characteristics of the Fairy chimneys developed in a different lithology. In this study, the amount of erosion will be calculated for this purpose.
In this study, GIS technologies have been used together field studies. Thus, digitization was carried out to determine the erosional processes in the field, raster was produced from the obtained vector data and analyzed by raster. In order to determine the severity of erosion, RUSLE method was preferred in this study. Thus, the formation, properties, use and preservation of the fairy chimneys in the field were investigated.
GIS, Rusle, Fairy Chimneys, Erosion, Kula