The late 19th century indicates a new era for the Ottoman authors; traditional literature should be abandoned and a new, modern literature should be constructed. In this context, the new genre novel importing from the West has a central position. All the contemporary authors attribute similarity to reality as a primary characteristic of a novel. Like his contemporaries, Ahmet Mithat which evaluates his novel as a tool to educate the readers also gives importance to the reality. In his article and prefaces of his fictions he claims that a novel must include only the possible events and according to him, to tell about experiences which cannot be happened in the “real” life, supernatural situations and events and unlimited imagination ruin a novel. However, when his novels are analyzed, his ideas in theory cannot be realized in the practice and it can be easily seen that supernatural experiences become themes of his novels. Therefore in this article, through his three novels Dünyaya İkinci Geliş Yahut İstanbul’da Neler Olmuş, Çengi and Cinli Han, I will try to discuss imagination based on supernatural in terms of its reason and function.
Ahmet Mithat, reality, supernatural, Dünyaya İkinci Geliş Yahut İstanbul’da Neler Olmuş, Çengi, Cinl