The fact that the Middle East remained under colonial administration, and that the existence of authoritarian regimes that oppressed the people aided by the West have, over time, led to public discontent. The right to request more say in management as the requirement of democracy and deterioration of the economic situation and the demands of freedom caused the protest movements, known as the Arab Spring, and created domino effect in the region. The Muslim Brotherhood, known as the “state” in the state, whose main objectives are the unity of Muslims in order to build an Islamic state in the countries, continued its activities in every period. Establishing schools, hospitals, factories and mosques, acting as non-governmental organizations, they made their presence feel in the political arena as well as in all areas. The Muslim Brotherhood avoided any movement against the regimes they have thought they couldn’t overthrow, but on occasion they have attempted to overthrow the governments they thought they were weak. Developments taken place in the Arab Spring has been the indicator of this process. In the event that Muslim Brothers, who are seen for some as the sound of Arabian Community, the symbol of Islamıc values and for some else seen as the rise of political Islam that threats the democracy, come to power, anxiety and concern about the sort of policy that Arab Spring will follow in accordance with the basic discourses is rising. Although it is not obvious that “Pluralism”, “Democracy'”and “Freedom” factors bringing together all the dissident sections against the ruling dictatorship will certainly solve the problems in the area in the process of the Arab Spring, it reveals that “Pan-Arabism”, “Islam” and “Democracy” concepts will be essential in the following process.
Muslim Brotherhood, Political Islam, Arabian Spring, Syria, Egypt.