There are many different theories and disciplines which are trying to research religion and religious belief. But since nearly 30 years, we have been witnessing the birth of a new discipline, CSR (Cognitive Science of Religion) which is studying religion.In fact CSR is the subdiscipline of CS (Cognitive Science).It claims its difference from the other disciplines and theories which are situated.CSR is trying to find universality of religion and religious belief in all human beings with the features of human cognition as linguistics has done with the universality of language before.In this research we are trying to explain what the religious belief is in CSR. We are going to explain the tendency of our cognitive structure to religious belief and how our cognitive structure produces religious belief.Because we were born with the tendency of religious belief because of our cognitive structure according to CSR.In this study, we try to expain the main theories and approaches of it and lastly we try to give the general critics of this discipline. Because Evolution occurs against religion with a new approach again. It manages that by making explanatins on psychological concepts like instinct, mind, cognition, intution.Beside that It claims its scientific dimension including artificial intelligence, computer science and neuroscience.Therefore I believe that Theologians in Turkey should be aware of this discipline which has serious and important arguments on religion and belief and antireligious rhetoric.
Cognitive Science(CS), Cognitive Science of Religion(CSR), Minimally Counterintutiveness(MCI), Hyper