THE IMAGE OF TURK AND TURKISH LANGUAGE IN ANATOLIA UNTIL 16TH CENTURY
ANADOLU’DA XVI. ASRA KADAR TÜRK VE TÜRKÇE İMAJI

Author : ADNAN OKTAY
Number of pages : 127-150

Abstract

The adventure of writing in Turkish language goes back to very old eras. Gokturk alphabet is highly appropriate for Turkish language and it has reached to saturation level. However, there was a period which could be named the fatrat of Turkish literary (weakness or numbness of Turkish literary), especially after coming of the Turks to Anatolia. Some poets and writers who wrote in Anatolia during this period expressed their apologies and embarrassment for writing in Turkish. Staying away of these people from the Turkish language and their approach which Turkish seen as a language of ordinary people are sings of existence of periodical and historical negative approaches. Ashiq Pasha who lived most of his life in the 13th century, complained about lack of interest of people to Turkish language on his work entitled Garib-nama. Also, Ali Sheer Nawai continued his life as a man with a cause and conscious until the end of his life with the efforts of writing in Turkish language in Chagatay area in 15th century. Nawai’s great manuscript which entitled Muhakamatu'l-lugatayn shows his efforts for Turkish language. He was an awareness man andsome great poets like Husain Bayqara or Molla Abdurrahman Cami tried to even insist him on the matter of writing poets with Persian language. This shows how the environment and intellectual factors were dominant on the poets. Turks have continued their lives with small or large groups in a wide geographical area began from India to Egypt; from Central Asia to the west of Anatolia and even up to the Balkans in this period. What are the reasons behind unpopularity and exclusion of Turkish language? Why poets and writers had such these perceptions? What such these thoughts signs for? All these questions will be answered in this study. Intertextual reading method was used in this study. The Turkish classics and manuscript texts of the period from 13th century until the 16th century in Anatolia were examined. Stated questions were answered from these detected relevant examples. Therefore, there has been seen such reasons like seasonal political events, the actual power of Arabic and Persian literature in the literacy places and science, the forms of the life of the Turks etc. These reasons were effective on the formation of these thoughts. This negative image in some period has affected the poets and writers to write in Turkish even if they are enthusiastic.

Keywords

Old Anatolian Turkish, Old Turkish Literature, Writing in Turkish Language, Ali Sheer Nawai, Image

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