WOMEN QANUN PLAYERS WHO WORK IN GOVERMENTAL INSTITUTIONS AS AN ARTIST AND ACADEMIC IN TURKEY
SANATÇI VE AKADEMİSYEN BAĞLAMINDA TÜRKİYE’DEKİ KADIN KANUN İCRACILARI

Author : Pınar SOMAKCI
Number of pages : 197-213

Abstract

The Qanun, is one of the most important and fundamental instruments of Turkish music. In Turkey, the Qanun which has a long history, is performed by both men and women throughout history. However, in the few sources in our country regarding the historical development of music, names of male qanun performers are more common. For example, Kanuni Ishak Bey, Kanuni Ömer Efendi, Kanuni Hacı Arif Bey and Kanuni Talat Bey. Although it is known that there are female qanun performers in our history, no female names can be found until the 20th century. Due to lack of resource, we can understand that female players exists from miniatures, postcards, from the notes of foreign travelers who come to our country, or from the depictions drawn by painters. At the beginning of the 20th century, we can only detect a few female qanun performers from the concert programs written in the print media. Recently, the increase in the number of female performers has reached a remarkable and satisfying dimension. Since the beginning of the qanun education as our traditional instruments in the 20th century, and the spread of fine arts schools and universities, the number of female performers has recently increased. The aim of this study is therefore, to determine female qanun performers in Turkey in order to provide a resource for the researcher and make their names not to be forgotten. Because this is the first study done in this area, it is hoped that it will make a significant contribution to the area. Literature review and personal interview methods were used to collect data in the study. As an end result of this search, a brief history of women qanun performers in our country is presented. Again, as a result of the personal contact with the personal educators, the names of all the female qanun performers, artists, academics, teachers, students, self-employed professionals are tried to be reached and these names are listed alphabetically. As a result, since we reached quite a lot of names, the study is limited with the introduction of women performers who work in the governmental institutions (TRT radio-TV- Ministry of Culture, etc.) and those who are working as academic instructors of the Qanun. The curriculum vitae of these performers are briefly presented and their artistic characteristics as well as their techniques and styles are illustrated with photos and pictures and exemplified with audio recordings (with internet page links) of their performances. In the direction of the data obtained from this study, evaluations were carried out from the past to the present day (2017) about the lives of the artists and instructors. This study is significant in the sense that it is the first study conducted in Turkey in this field.

Keywords

Qanun, Qanun Performers, Women Qanunies, Qanun Education, Qanun Artist

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