Folktales are the symbolic products with relation dreams and reality in the middle of the real and fantasy world. In the depth of the obfuscation and symbols inside, it reveals different layers of meaning. Each of these layers of significance encompasses the elements belonging to tradition. Each image that is covered in the layers of meaning of the folktale takes on a task on the axis of tradition. Through these missions, the folktale is addressed to all age ranges, especially children. It transmits tradition from generations to generation and provides discontinuous culture. Besides that; moral elements, such as virtue, goodness, righteousness, fighting against badness, are functionally contained in a form of fiction. These are functions that perform informal training and aim to teach. To understand the symbols of the functions and to reach the submissions, the text must be examined with different perspectives and holistic. This review will be a little closer to the symbolic world of the folktale. The determination of cultural memory, collective consciousness, and tradition are possible with the symbolic analysis of the world of folktales. The determination of cultural memory, collective consciousness, and tradition are possible with the symbolic analysis of the world of folktales. In this study, the will be focused on the “Keloglan with Golden Nightingale” folktale’s hero, the helpers and the entity/persons in which the hero is struggling. The functions and symbolic provisions of this entity/person in the folktale will be examined. In addition, the national and religious dimensions of the folktale will be attempted to be revealed. In this way, the national and Islamic elements which are placed in the layers of meaning of the folk tale will be attempted to be revealed. The influence of these elements on the fiction of the folktale and the traditional structure will be discussed.
Folktale, Symbol, Third Child, Keloglan, Golden Nightingale, Religion, Mosque