TWO FACES OF UTOPIAN MEDALLION: F. M. DOSTOEVSKY THE DREAM OF AN FUNNY MAN AND R. BRADBURY FAHRENHEIT 451
ÜTOPYA MADALYONUNUN İKİ YÜZÜ: F. M. DOSTOYEVSKİ GÜLÜNÇ BİR ADAMIN DÜŞÜ VE R. BRADBURY FAHRENHEIT 451

Author : Gülhanım Bihter YETKİN
Number of pages : 149-160

Abstract

Utopia, which first entered to literature with the same name given to the work by the British writer Thomas More in 1516, originates from the Greek words "ou" meaning “none”, "eu" meaning “the perfect one” and "topos" meaning “land, country”. Utopia as a word means the ideal society, system, thought, country, paradise design, which is developed instead of the existing one. Utopias are considered as unrealizable state designs because of a lifestyle in which all the vital problems of mankind are solved. In literature, utopian works are intensely seen in 19th century. However, in the 20th century, especially after World War I, because of not giving importance to the values of individuals in the name of equality and social happiness, utopian works leave their place to antiutopian ones. Antiutopian works, expressing totalitarian and repressive societies, describe the most striking aspects of the period of wars and internal disturbances, with the vast majority benefiting from the science fiction type. The aim of our study is to reveal similar and different aspects of these two concepts which frequently cause semantic confusion in literary researches because they are used instead of each other. In our study, we used comparative literary science which studies literary as a whole and comment two works, written in different languages, in terms of subject, thought or form. And we tried to anallyze the works, which are examples of Russian and American literary, by using the comparison method.

Keywords

Utopia, Antiutopia, Comparative, Similarity and Difference

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