THE FOREIGN POLICY OF MUSSOLINI'S ITALY UNTIL 1936, AND THE IMPRESSIONS IN THE SCRIPTURES SENT BY VARIOUS TURKISH EMBASSIES IN THIS CONTEXT
MUSSOLİNİ İTALYA’SININ 1936 YILINA KADAR SAHİP OLDUĞU DIŞ POLİTİKASI VE BU BAĞLAMDA MUHTELİF TÜRK BÜYÜKELÇİLİKLERİ TARAFINDAN GÖNDERİLEN YAZILARDA ORTAYA KONULAN İZLENİM VE İNTİBALAR

Author : Yaşar ÖZÜÇETİN -- Sıddık YILDIZ
Number of pages : 257-277

Abstract

When the fascist government came to power in Italy, every sphere of social life within the country was under control, and it displayed an aggressive attitude in foreign policy. The fact that Italy started to make its weight felt in the Balkans by patronizing Albania, seeing the Eastern Mediterranean and Anatolia within its own sphere, has led to the emergence of a perceived threat to Italy in the countries of the region. However, Italy was also concerned about a British-French rapprochement. France and Britain did not wish Germany to be armed and gain power in Central Europe, and they had a common view with Italy on this issue. Although Italian fascism and German Nazism had some common purposes, the idea of racism was weaker in Italian fascism. There was a culture-based nationalism in Italy. Based on such justifications, Italy was considered less threatening and dangerous than Germany. However, Italy began to follow effective and active policies in the Mediterranean and considered here as the area of spreading, which France was not content with. France and Italy's competition was increasing. This would result in Italy becoming closer to Germany against France. In such an environment, interviews, protocols and contacts were carried out by Mussolini and other officials of different countries, and the current situation was tried to be directed. The aim of this review is to analyze Italy's foreign policy until 1936 and its rapprochement with Germany on the basis of the impressions put forth by various Turkish embassies in this context.

Keywords

Italy, Italian Fascism, Mussolini, Foreign Policy, Turkish Embassies

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