A CRITIQUE OF KURDISH WOMEN’S MOVEMENT WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF PATRIARCHY
ATAERKİLLİK KAVRAMI BAĞLAMINDA KÜRT KADIN HAREKETİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

Author : Serpil OZULU
Number of pages : 371-390

Abstract

The subject of identity gradually increases in importance both in political and social debates in the World and in Turkey. Ethnic, religious and sexual identities are discussed in Turkey as all the World in many aspects. Kurdish identitiy and woman identity, as an example of ethnic and sexual identities, are discussed within the context of the Kurdish issue and the women's issue in many aspects in the political and social arena. In this sense, these two issues are two of the primary social problems of Turkey. Depending on these major problems, feminism and Kurdish political movement are both social movements/facts which have grown in Turkey following 1980s. Kurdish women’s movement that is on intersection of these two movements, started to rise in Turkey in the same period, too. Kurdish women’s movement that has an important position at both Kurdish problem and woman problem in Turkey,is needed to explain to what extent it a Kurdish movement or Women’s movement is. On the other side, the concept of patriarchy is one of the basic concepts of feminism and has a big importance in many different types of feminism. The approach to patriarchy of a movement which is formed by women is quite decisive in understanding whether this movement is a women movement/feminist movement or not. In this study, discourse, approach and view of the Kurdish Women’s movement is examined within the context of patriarchy. As a scanning-evoluation study, this article argues the partiarchy approaches of Kurdish women in political sphere, in social sphere and in PKK Kurdish terrorist Organization, as components of Kurdish women’s movement. Consequentially, it is observed that while Kurdish women’s movement protests the traditional patriarchal structure categorically, it is not able to challenge to veiled patriarcal approach by Kurdish political Movement sufficiently and this situation causes it questioned whether women’s movement free from the political movement or not.

Keywords

Feminism, Patriarchy, Woman Identity, Kurdish Political Movement, Kurdish, Women’s Movement

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