Inspite of short life span of Bauhaus -6 years in Weimar (between 1919 and 1925) and in Dessau (between 1925 and 1931) and 2 years in Berlin (between 1931 and 1933), it has been accepted as one of the most significant design movements of the 20th century. Bauhaus, founded as a modernist art school in 1919 by Walter Gropius, has been utterly famous for its contributions to the 20th century architecture because of Walter Gropius and other distinguished architects at Bauhaus. However, the contributions made by the Weaving Atelier, a part of the Bauhaus curriculum from foundation till closure to textile design have been neglected for years. The Weaving Atellier, seen as one of the basic handicrafts in the Vorkurz of Itten and defined as the only profession for female students, has improved technically in Weimar and has lived the golden years in Dessau. The practical implementations of the Weaving Atelier that has formed a women culture inside the Bauhaus have been on tapestry weaving, fabric weaving and wall mat weaving. The school that has embedded one of the greatest success stories in Bauhaus ranging from primitive artistic weaving designs to protoype fabric production for the industry and licencing the fabrics as Dessau-Bauhaus, in a period of 14 years, has another importance since it educated the first textile designers from the first diploma curriculum. After its closure the Bauhaus designers scattering all to USA and Europe continued the Bauhaus legacy. Thus this article aims to investigate the Bauhaus period form the context of Weaving Atelier.
The Bauhaus Design School, Weaving Atelier, Textile Design, Germany, 20. Century