TURKOPHILIA IN THE CONTEXT OF CLAUDE FARRÉRE’S VISIT IN 1922
CLAUDE FARRÉRE’İN 1922 TARİHLİ ZİYARETİ BAĞLAMINDA TÜRK DOSTLUĞU

Author : Yaşar ÖZÜÇETİN - Ayşenur YURT
Number of pages : 407-417

Abstract

It is called “friendship” to put the anxiety of the other person in front of their own anxiety without any expectation, to seek solutions and to be beneficial for them. The “War of Independence” process was one of the timeframe that the Turks felt most in need of friendship. In this process, there were “non-Turkish” writers who embraced the troubles of the Turks as if they were their own troubles. One of these few authors was Claude Farrére. Farrére showed that it was not necessary to belong to the same nation or religion to behave according to the meaning of friendship. As a human and author, Farrére did not leave the Turks and Turkey alone in their difficult and troubled times. Farrére properly observed the state of the Turkish nation trying to achieve independence in their struggle for survival. He expressed that the Turks were victims although they were right and he visited Turkey several times. Regarding his visit in 18-19 June 1922, Farrére said that he went to Mustafa Kemal’s headquarters as a private visitor, and the purpose of his visit was to recognise and salute that great unique patriotic man, as well as to materialise the previously declared signs of friendship between his country and Turkey. Although being occasionally critical of some of Turkey’s attitudes and evaluations, his interest and love for Turkish nation continued until his death. The aim of the study is to reveal the importance of Turkophile Farrére in the Turkish national struggle and how he was seen by the Turks. Farrére’s thoughts, ideas and suggestions were analysed considering his time. The relevant copyrighted works were also used.

Keywords

Turkophile, Claude Farrére, National Struggle, French Intellectuals, Mustafa Kemal Pasha

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