Ibn Hajar al-Haytami one of the leading shafii scholars in 16th century gained great importance not only with his sufi career also his analysis about educational problems of the period. In his work titled Tahrîru’l-Mâkâl, he tries to answer the questions of his friend, who left his profession after becoming a teacher that started to teach at one of the orphanages of the time, with great sensitivity about how he should behave regarding the problems that may be encountered during the education process. As a result of this effort, comprehensive analyzes have emerged regarding educational problems, some of which are still up to date. Among the problems related with education that Ibn Hajar tries to solve are whether the children can be assigned by the teacher outside the purpose of learning and teaching or not, who may have the authority to employ the child, what are the responsibilities of the teacher as well as the foundation administrators for the student's continuation to school and the use of the beating as a method in the education of the child. It is also possible to obtain some information about Egypt of the 16th century and therefore the Ottoman social structure between the lines of the answers given by Ibn Hajar. It was also noteworthy that some of the questions on education, which were tried to be answered by Ibn Hajar, were still up-to-date despite the passing centuries. For this reason, the article includes analyzes regarding these topics which are still actuel. Issues related to education and discipline, though not in depth, have been tried to be analyzed with different perspectives such as the presumption of innocence, which are among the basic principles of law, and the importance of evidence in punishment. The method of the research; it is based on the content analysis of the work named Tahrîru'l-Mâkâl, which is one of the frequently used research methods in social sciences, by adhering to the original Arabic text.
History of Education, Ibn Hajar al-Haytamî, Children's Rights, Management of Education, Egyptian History of Education