IMPRESSIONISM, CINEMA AND BERGSONIAN TIME DEFINITION: TRANSFORMATION OF TIME AND SPACE PERCEPTIONS
EMPRESYONİZM, SİNEMA VE BERGSONCU ZAMAN KAVRAMI: ZAMAN VE MEKÂN ALGILARININ DÖNÜŞÜMÜ

Author : Devrim ÖZKAN
Number of pages : 247-268

Abstract

Modernity have changed and transformed all kinds of social and cultural structure, existing up to its birth. Innovations in artistic expression styles are one of the main cultural transformations, being results of modernity. Impressionism is a start for these transformations in artistic expression. Moreover, impressionism has a deep effect on successor art movements. Impressionism has also determined formation of expression styles in visual arts, especially in cinema. In addition, impressionism reflects the effect of relativism, moved a step further with Henri Bergson, in the world of art positively. Thoughts, Bergson developed about reality and time, have a deep effect on the discussions about modern public arts and particularly modern film theories. These thoughts set ground for the belief that visual efficiency of people is not good at understanding the nature of reality as we came across the arts of Jean Epstein, Dziga Vertov and Béla Balázs. These cinema makers, called as visual skeptics, think that weakness of visual efficiency result from abstraction tendency in a way subjects and actions can be understood easily. According to them, reasons for simplification of life world are as follows: abstracting surrounding facts, associating them with previous experiences and accepting them as others experienced. In this sense, relationships between impressionism and expression styles in cinemas are touched upon along with Bergson’s time concept and its effects on visual arts.

Keywords

Impressionism, visual arts, cinema, time, revelationism.

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