TOPOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION
AKDENİZ BÖLGESİ’NDE KIRSAL YERLEŞMELERİN TOPOĞRAFYA ÖZELLİKLERİ

Author : Tevfik ERKAL - - İlyas Sadık TEKKANAT
Number of pages : 323-335

Abstract

This study was prepared to examine the effect of topography on the distribution of rural settlements in the Mediterranean Region. For this purpose, morphometric data on slope, elevation and aspect characteristics of rural settlements were generated. 4051 village settlement and 225 plateau settlement were used. The morphometric evaluation of the rural settlements was examined in geographical region, geographical section and morphological region scale. Morphometric analyzes were shown that topography is responsible for the distribution of rural settlements. It was observed that the rural settlement pattern of the Western Taurus (Teke Area and Bey Mountains), Middle Taurus (Taşeli Plateau) and Eastern / Southeastern Taurus region are different from coast to inner part. Within the region, 62.5% of the villagers are below 1000 m; 42.3% were in the 5°-15° slope group defined as low slope areas and 20.6%, 17.5% and 15.4% were concentrated at the south, southeast and southwest slopes, respectively. 72% of the yayla settlements are over 1500 m and 15.1% are between 1700-1800 m; 56% in the 5°-15° slope group; 18.4%, 15% and 13.6% were concentrated at the northeastern, eastern and southwestern slopes, respectively. Çukurova and elevations above 3000 m in the Adana Section and the Antalya Section changed the elevation, slope and aspect properties of the rural settlements between geographical sections, with suitable karst troughs and fluviokarstic valleys in terms of settlement over 1500 m. The study contributes to a better understanding of Turkish rural areas and rural settlement geography.

Keywords

Rural Settlement, Rural Area, Morphometry, Topography, Mediterranean Region

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