Today, nuclear technology, with its civilian and military aspects, is one of the most important factors to enable a country to pursue an influential foreign policy. The most important reason behind actualisation of Iran’s nuclear program under the Shah regime and the policy to continue the program following the Islamic Revolution is inter-linked to this effect of nuclear technology over foreign policy. However, since the Iranian regime has been backlashing the existing international order following the Iran’s Islamic Revolution and the US does not want change in the international balance of power against itself, the US has been considering Iran’s nuclear program as a threat. Hence, the US has started an international campaign against Iran due to its nuclear program. In order to overcome this campaign and pressure, Iran has directed its route to secret nuclear activities. However, in 2002, Iran’s secret nuclear activities were brought to light. Since then a nuclear crisis emerged between Iran and the USA, into which international actors such as IAEA, EU, UN, Russia and China became involved. Nuclear energy, therefore, became an issue of survival for Iran. To this end, the policy pursued by Iran towards nuclear crisis and nuclear negotiations has become the most critic agenda matter and dynamic of Iran’s foreign policy. In order to strengthen its foreign policy and to play a more pominent role in regional and international balance of power, Iran has sustained its nuclear policy independent from the ideological determination. In this study,the determination of Iran to achieve its foreign policy goals independent from the ideological determination will be set forth through the analysis of the nuclear energy policy.
Iran, Nuclear Program, Nuclear Crisis, Nuclear Negotiations, National Interest
|Author :||Murat GÜL - Emrah KARAPINAR|
|Number of pages:||75-92|