Beginning of twentieth century, Tsarists Russia is in great diffuculty with economic, political and social terms. In 1917 Tsarits Russia destroyed by the Bolshevik Revolution and a new transformation started. The Soviet regime aims to creat a socialist society to get rid of the problems of people in the crisis. Woman is the most important foundation while making the social structure. Because women is known as a teemful, providing continuance, productive and guardian character. These qualities are essantial to provide the continuity of regime or system. Also, the decline of the male population due to war, brings the woman the fore at a new economic and social structure. Woman becomes the most significant actor in building the new Soviet society with new ideology. The Soviet regime, which creating new people and society, imposes important responsibilities on art and literary men in order to implement this idea. Socialist realism is adopted as a literary movement in art and literature whose principles are set by communist party leaders and socialist theorists. In order to reinforce the belief of the society in socialism, women heroes are symbolized and encouraged. In the whole of Soviet geography, created a Soviet type woman without race and nationality. In this study, authors of Kyrgyz Kasımalı Baylinov’s novel how focuses on the characteristics of the idealized Soviet female type and how they shapened by socialist realism.
Soviet Female Type, Kasımalı Bayalinov, Kol Boyunda, Socialist Realism