Our knowledge on the Kurdish people is limited and inadequate as the required academic researches have not been carried out. In this research, the accounts and information on the Kurdish people in the Books on Islamic History have been collected. It has been observed that the Kurds are regarded as the Islamic nations such as the Arabians, Persians and the Turkish ones. The Kurds located around Cibal, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The name of Kurdistan wasn’t used. The Kurds lived under the rule of Sassanid Empire before Islam. With the Era of Caliph Omer, the Kurdish people started to meet with the Muslims and waged war against the Muslims in company with the Persians. But the Kurds were defeated by the Islamic armies like the Persians. The Kurds entered into the domination of the Islam during the Era of the Four Caliph and a great majority of them converted to Islam. After converting to Islam, they became a part of the Islamic community and located in the Islamic culture and civilization. They didn’t contribute a lot for the cultural activities as they lived as nomadic and chose the mountainous regions to live. A great majority of them Muslim and belong to the Ahl al-Sunnah community. Only a small fraction entered into the Shiah and Kharijites sects. As the Kurdish tribes regarded as military and political power, they either became police force of the state or they sometimes revolted against the state. When the Abbasi Dynasty started to lose power, the Kurdish tribes established principalities and dynasties. They entered into the domination of the Seljukian Empire beginning from the period of the Seljukian Sultan Tugrul Bey.
Kurds, Kurdistan, Islamic historians