Historical novels are one of the most popular novel genres currently. Historical novels, as they are currently recognized, can be said to have begun with the works of Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832). New understanding of the historical novel in the Soviet Union after the October revolution, society has emerged in the process of rebuilding. Soviet historical novel in this process has been in a very tight relation with the official ideology. In the former Soviet Union, a large surge of interest in historical novels was after the 1960s. The Russian literature with its own internal dynamics have gained a respectable place in world literature, and contemporary Kyrgyz literature has established a new standard has been significantly affected. Kyrgyz Russian literature, the general principles of science writers, literary critics and scientists have adopted and applied in studies. Historical novels in the contemporary Kyrgyz literature developed after this period. “Syngan Kylych” is supposedly the first contemporary Kyrgyz historical novel. Earlier novels with some characteristics of that genre existed, but it is disputable whether they were full-fledged historical novels. After Kyrgyzstan gained its independence in 1991, Kyrgyz writers began to display interest in this literary genre and started to create mainly historical biographies describing figures who had been struggling for independence of the Kyrgyz people in the early history of Turkistan, which was previously abandoned by the Soviet Union policy.
Historical novel, Soviet Literature, Contemporary Kyrgyz Literature.