This article is set out to examine the homogenizing nature of two factors: nation-building and globalization and social movements emerged within the regions of two countries, Turkey and Mexico. On the one hand, homogenizing mechanism in Turkey is depicted as the general framework of nation-building, on the other side, the intertwined relationship between patterns of liberal institutionalism, globalization and regionalism is depicted as the mechanisms of harassment of original identities and so-long protected lands. In order to grasp the intertwined relationship between globalization and regionalism, the latter as a mechanism of getting in harmony with the former, a general overview of the literature is presented. One needs to grasp the general framework that forced such a social movement like Zapatista to rebel against the systemic structure and that’s why the paper puts more emphasis on the review of what the scholars with different perspectives think about the globalization and regionalism. As much as the subject concerned, a brief overview of the backgrounds for both the Zapatista and Kurdish movements is given in order to reflect the notion of hegemony prevailing in the milieus that these two social movements emerged. The article lastly focuses on the fact that both Kurdish movement in Turkey and Zapatista Movement in Mexico paved the way for other subaltern identities to speak louder than before. A comparative reading of these two Marxist movements is studied here in order to appreciate de facto contributions made to the democratization of the countries concerned.
Kurdish Movement, the Zapatista, Regionalism, Democratization, Civil Society, Identity